Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial (LSST) v1.05r3
Chapter 2: Getting started with Shell Programming
Try the following command (assumes that the file "grate_stories_of" is not exist on your system)
$ ls grate_stories_of
It will print message something like - grate_stories_of: No such file or directory.
ls is the name of an actual command and shell executed this command when you type command at shell prompt. Now it creates one more question What are commands? What happened when you type $ ls grate_stories_of ?
The first word on command line is, ls - is name of the command to be executed.
Everything else on command line is taken as arguments to this command. For e.g.
$ tail +10 myf
Name of command is tail, and the arguments are +10 and myf.
Try to determine command and arguments from following commands
$ ls foo
$ cp y y.bak
$ mv y.bak y.okay
$ tail -10 myf
$ mail raj
$ sort -r -n myf
|Command||No. of argument to this command (i.e $#)||Actual Argument|
|cp||2||y and y.bak|
|mv||2||y.bak and y.okay|
|tail||2||-10 and myf|
|sort||3||-r, -n, and myf|
$# holds number of arguments specified on command line. And $* or $@ refer to all arguments passed to script.
|More commands on one command line|| |
Why Command Line arguments required